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He explored parts of the present state and made contact with native inhabitants, probably the Sobaipuri.The expedition of Spanish explorer Coronado entered the area in 1540–1542 during its search for Cíbola. A member of the Society of Jesus ("Jesuits"), he led the development of a chain of missions in the region.
It was probably considered—and rejected—for its sentimental value before Congress settled on the name "Arizona.") Brigham Young, patriarchal leader of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Salt Lake City in Utah, sent Mormons to Arizona in the mid- to late 19th century. But during the 1920s and even the 1930s, tourism began to develop as the important Arizonan industry it is today.
Although federal law gave all Native Americans the right to vote in 1924, Arizona excluded those living on reservations from voting until its state Supreme Court ruled in 1948 in favor of Native American plaintiffs.
The state's name appears to originate from an earlier Spanish name, Arizonac, derived from the O'odham name alĭ ṣonak, meaning "small spring," which initially applied only to an area near the silver mining camp of Planchas de Plata, Sonora.
During the Mexican Revolution from 1910 to 1920, several battles were fought in the Mexican towns just across the border from Arizona settlements. Because of wartime fears of Japanese invasion of the West Coast, the government authorized the removal of all Japanese-American residents from western Washington, western Oregon, all of California, and western Arizona.
Throughout the revolution, numerous Arizonans enlisted in one of the several armies fighting in Mexico. From 1942 to 1945, they were forced to reside in internment camps built in the interior of the country.
Historically part of the territory of Alta California in New Spain, it became part of independent Mexico in 1821.
After being defeated in the Mexican–American War, Mexico ceded much of this territory to the United States in 1848.They founded Mesa, Snowflake, Heber, Safford, and other towns. soldiers were fired on by Mexican federal troops, the American garrison launched an assault into Nogales, Mexico. Dude ranches, such as the K L Bar and Remuda in Wickenburg, along with the Flying V and Tanque Verde in Tucson, gave tourists the chance to take part in the flavor and activities of the "Old West".They also settled in the Phoenix Valley (or "Valley of the Sun"), Tempe, Prescott, and other areas. The Mexicans eventually surrendered after both sides sustained heavy casualties. soldiers stationed on the border confronted Yaqui Indians who were using Arizona as a base to raid the nearby Mexican settlements, as part of their wars against Mexico. Several upscale hotels and resorts opened during this period, some of which are still top tourist draws.Many of their pueblos, cliffside dwellings, rock paintings and other prehistoric treasures have survived, attracting thousands of tourists each year.The first European contact by native peoples was with Marcos de Niza, a Spanish Franciscan, in 1539.The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848) specified that, in addition to language and cultural rights of the existing inhabitants of former Mexican citizens being considered as inviolable, the sum of US million dollars in compensation (equivalent to 4,269,230.77 in 2017.) be paid to the Republic of Mexico. What is now known as the state of Arizona was initially administered by the United States government as part of the Territory of New Mexico until the southern part of that region seceded from the Union to form the Territory of Arizona.